Coolidge is a city in Pinal County, Arizona, United States, with a population of 13,218 as of the 2020 census. On the territory of modern Coolidge, there was an ancient indigenous people of the Sonoran desert called Hohokamami.
Currently, the main activity by which the city has become recognizable is, in particular, cotton growing. The development of such an industry was made possible by constructing a dam in 1925, which transformed the local sandy soil into developed agricultural land. As early as 1945, Coolidge was incorporated into the state as a city.